It is important to know the body composition of an individual to be able to estimate his/her health condition. A multifunctional scale can help a person determine their body composition.

What is body composition?

Body composition is a term used often by doctors and health professionals.  It refers to the percentage of fat, bone, and muscle in your body.

Why is body composition important?

Doctors use body composition to see if you’re at a healthy weight for your individual body.  Body composition is important because someone else can be the same height and weight as you, but they might have more body fat and less muscle.  This could lead to different health issues in them.

Healthier body composition is less fat and more muscle mass.

What is body fat?

Your body is made up of water, protein, fat, and minerals.  There are two types of fat in your body:

  • Non-fat mass: This is also known as essential fat. This kind of fat is in your bones, liver, kidneys, intestines, and muscles.  Fat in these places is required for your body to function normally.
  • Fat mass. Also known as stored fat, this is found in your adipose tissue. This type of fat is used as energy for your body.  It insulates and cushions your body.  It surrounds your organs and is just under your skin.

Excessive stored fat can be harmful to your health.  Having too much stored fat can lead to chronic diseases and conditions.  These may include heart failure, diabetes, obesity, and fatigue.

Women naturally have a higher body fat percentage than men.  Their body fat will also naturally increase as they age.

What is muscle mass?

Muscle mass refers to the amount of soft muscle tissue in the body.  Other major components of the body include fat, bone, and water.

Muscles primarily help with movement, maintaining posture, and supporting bodily functions.

There are three main types of muscle:

  • Smooth muscle, which is in the internal organs.
  • Cardiac muscle, the muscle of the heart.
  • Skeletal muscle, which exists throughout the body.

The body’s collective muscle tissue constitutes its muscle mass.  However, in the context of body composition measurements, the term “muscle mass” specifically refers to skeletal muscle, as this is the only type of muscle that a person can voluntarily control.

What is BMI?

Body Mass Index (BMI) is a person’s weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters.  A high BMI can indicate high body fatness.  BMI screens for weight categories that may lead to health problems, but it does not diagnose the body fatness or health of an individual.

Doctors use BMI to find if you are underweight, normal weight, overweight, or obese.  Typically, a high BMI of more than 30 does indicate obesity.

What is BMR?

Basal Metabolic Rate is the number of calories required to keep your body functioning at rest.  BMR is also known as your body’s metabolism; therefore, any increase to your metabolic weight, such as exercise, will increase your BMR.  BMR is dependent on your height, gender, age, and weight.

Once you’ve determined your BMR, you can begin to monitor how many calories a day you need to maintain or lose weight.

What is a multifunctional body composition diagnostic scale?

A multifunctional body composition diagnostic scale measures body weight and evaluates your body composition.  It automatically calculates the body fat, body water, muscle mass, bone mass, body mass index (BMI) and basal metabolic rate for you.

How does it work?  You enter your height, age and sex and the scale measures your body weight.  Then the scale automatically does the body composition calculations and provide you with the relevant information.

A multifunctional body composition diagnostic scale is an essential companion if you want to find your healthy weight and keep to it.